Article VII: Citizen Empowerment; Constitutional Amendments

Section 1. Enacting and Repealing Federal Statutes

Any citizen or state may initiate a PROPOSAL to adopt a new federal statute or repeal an existing federal statute. Each of the several states may endorse the PROPOSAL either through ordinary state legislation or through its own state procedures for initiative and voter-approved referendum. When half of the states comprising half of the population have endorsed the PROPOSAL, the PROPOSAL will appear on the ballot throughout the United States at the next general election.

Adoption of the PROPOSAL requires the approval of 1) a majority of all votes cast, and 2) a majority of votes cast in 50% of the states containing 50% of the population.

Section 2. Proposing a Constitutional Amendment

This section prescribes two methods for proposing an amendment to the Constitution:

  • Method 1. The Congress, whenever a majority of both chambers shall deem it necessary, shall propose an amendment to this Constitution.
  • Method 2. Each of the several states may propose a Constitutional amendment by approving the amendment according to the procedures of each state for amending their own state constitutions. When at least half of the states comprising at least half of the US population propose such an amendment, then this amendment becomes a proposed Constitutional amendment.

When an amendment to this Constitution has been proposed according to either method specified in this Section, that amendment shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of this Constitution, when ratified by the people as specified in Section 4.

Section 3. Constitutional Convention

This section prescribes two methods for calling a Constitutional Convention charged with the task of drafting a New Constitution:

  • Method 1. On the application of the legislatures of two thirds of the several states, Congress shall call a Constitutional Convention.
  • Method 2. Each of the several states may propose a Constitutional Convention by approving the call for a Constitutional Convention according to the procedures of each state for amending their own state constitutions. When at least half of the states comprising at least half of the US population propose a Constitutional Convention in this manner, Congress shall call a Constitutional Convention.

When states have called for a Constitutional Convention according to either method specified in this Section, Congress shall convene said convention. The product of said convention shall be the Proposed New Constitution, which shall be valid and will replace this Constitution, when ratified by the people as specified in Section 4.

Section 4. Ratification by the People

The power to amend or replace the Constitution of the United States rests solely with the people of the United States. This section prescribes the only method for ratification of a proposed Constitutional amendment or a proposed New Constitution.

  • Two General Elections. Ratification requires the approval of voters in two general elections. Between these two general elections, at least one other general election must take place and a new person must hold the office of President.
  • Ratification Threshold. In both of these two general elections, ratification requires the approval of 1) a majority of all votes cast, and 2) a majority of votes cast in 60% of the states containing 60% of the population.

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